Amboseli Elephant Research Project Publications

Table of contents

for this article

The following is a list of publications resulting from participation in the Amboseli Elephant Research Project.

Books

Moss, Cynthia
(1975) Portraits in the Wild: Behavior Studies of East African Mammals. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
(1982) Portraits in the Wild: Behavior Studies of East African Mammals (Second Edition - Revised). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Amazon.com: hardcover, paperback.
(1988) Elephant Memories: Thirteen Years in the Life of an Elephant Family. New York: William Morrow. (Also in Swedish, Finnish, Dutch, Italian, French & Spanish editions.) Amazon.com: paperback – Jul 15, 2000, hardcover – 1988.
(1990) Die Elefanten vom Kilimandscharo. Rasch und Rohring, Hamburg (German edition of Elephant Memories, with an additional chapter covering 1987-90.)
(1992) Echo of the Elephants: The Story of an Elephant Family. London: BBC Books. Amazon.com: hardcover – 1992, signed hardcover – 1992, paperback – May 1994.
(1997) Little Big Ears: The Story of Ely. New York: Simon & Schuster. Amazon.com: hardcover – Dec 1, 1996.
(2000) Elephant Memories: Thirteen Years in the Life of an Elephant Family (new edition with afterword covering 1987-1999). Chicago: U. of Chicago Press. Amazon.com: paperback – Jul 15, 2000.
Moss, C.J., Croze, H. & Lee, P.C. (eds) NEW
(2011) The Amboseli Elephants: A Long-Term Perspective on a Long-Lived Mammal. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 432pp. Summary. Hardback available from Chicago and Amazon.
Croze, H. & Reader, J.
(2000) Pyramids of Life. London: Harvill Press

All publications by H. Croze

Payne, Katharine
(1992) Elephants Calling: Face to Face (Face to Face with Science). New York: Crown. Amazon.com: hardcover – May 26, 1992.
(1998) Silent Thunder: In the Presence of Elephants. New York: Simon & Schuster. Amazon.com: hardcover – May 26, 1992
Poole, J.H.
(1997) Elephants (WorldLife Library). Colin Baxter Photography, Grantown-on-Spey, Scotland. Amazon.com: paperback – Oct 11, 2001.
(1996) Coming of Age with Elephants. Hyperion Press, New York (Also in British, Italian and Chinese editions). Amazon.com: hardcover – Mar 21, 1996, paperback – Mar 1997.
Pringle, Laurence & Moss, Cynthia
(1997) Elephant Woman: Cynthia Moss Explores the World of Elephants. New York: Atheneum. Amazon.com: hardcover – Nov 1, 1997.

Book Chapters (popular)

Lee, Phyllis C.
(1991) Social life. In: The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Elephants, ed. Eltringham, S.K. London: Salamandar, 20-47.
(1991) Reproduction. In: The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Elephants, ed. Eltringham, S.K. London: Salamandar, 48-63.
Moss, Cynthia
(1991) Elephant. The World Book Encyclopedia, Chicago: World Book, pp. 224-230.
(1992) Elephant calves: the story of two sexes. In: Shoshani, J. (ed.) Elephants: Majestic Creatures of the Wild. San Francisco: Weldon Owen, 106-113
(2000) A passionate devotion. In: Bekoff, M. (ed) The Smile of a Dolphin: Remarkable Accounts of Animal Emotions. Discovery Books, New York, 134-137.
Payne, K.B. & Langbauer, Jr., W.R.
(1992) Elephant communication. In: Shoshani, J. (ed.) Elephants: Majestic Creatures of the Wild. San Francisco: Weldon Owen, 116-123.
Poole, Joyce
(1992) Musth in African elephants. In: Shoshani, J. (ed.) Elephants: Majestic Creatures of the Wild. San Francisco: Weldon Owen, 87-91.
(1998) Communication and social structure of African elephants. In: Elephants. Published by Care for the Wild International, UK.
(2000) Family reunions. In: Beckoff, M. (ed.) The Smile of the Dolphin: Remarkable Accounts of Animal Emotions, Discovery Books, New York.
(2000) When bonds are broken. In: The Smile of the Dolphin: Remarkable Accounts of Animal Emotions, edited by Marc Bekoff. Pp 142-143. Discovery Books, New York.
Poole, J. H., I. Whyte, & P. Kahumbu.
(In press). Savanna elephant profile. In: The Mammals of Africa. Edited by Jonathon Kingdon, David Happold & Thomas Butynski. Academic Press.

Scientific Publications, Theses And Reports

Archie, E.A.
(2005) The relationship between kinship and social behavior in wild African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Ph.D. thesis, Duke University.
Archie, E.A., Hollister-Smith, J.A., Poole, J.H., Lee, P.H., Moss, C.J., Maldonado, J.E., Fleischer, R.C., Alberts, S.C.
(2007) Behavioural inbreeding avoidance in wild African elephants. Molecular Ecology, 16: 4128-4148
Archie, E.A., Morrison, T.A., Foley, C.A.H., Moss, C.J. & Alberts, S.C.
(2006) Dominance rank relationships among wild female African elephants, Loxodonta africana. Animal Behaviour, 71: 117-127.
Archie, E.A., Moss, C.J. and Alberts, S.C.
(2003) Characterization of tetranucleotide microsatellite loci in the African Savannah Elephant (Loxodonta africana africana). Molecular Ecology Notes, 3: 244-246
Archie, E.A., Moss, CJ. & Alberts, S.C.
(2006) The ties that bind: genetic relatedness predicts fission and fusion of social groups in wild African elephants. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 273: 513-522.
Bates, L.A., Sayialel, C.N, Njiraini, N.W, Poole, J.H., Moss, C.J. & Byrne, R.W.
(2008) African elephants have expectations about the locations of out-of-sight family members. Biology Letters 4(1):34-36
Bates, L.A. & Bryne, R.W.
(2007) Creative or created: Using anecdotes to investigate animal cognition. Methods, 42: 12-21.
Bates, L.A., Sayialel, C.N, Njiraini, N.W, Poole, J.H., Moss, C.J. & Byrne, R.W.
(in press) Elephants classify human ethnic groups by odor and garment colour. Current Biology
Bradshaw, I.G.A., A.N. Schore, J.L. Brown, J.H. Poole & C. J. Moss.
(2005) Elephant Breakdown. Social trauma: Early disruption of attachment can affect the physiology, behaviour and culture of animals and humans over generations. Nature, 433: 807.
Buchan, J.C., Archie, E.A., Van Horn, R.C., Moss, C.J., Alberts, S.C.
(2005) Locus effects and sources of error in noninvasive genotyping. Molecular Ecology Notes, 5: 680-683.
Bulte, E., R. Damania, L. Gillson & K. Lindsay
(2004) Space—the final frontier for economists and elephants? Science, 306: 420-421
Croze, H., Sayialel, S. and Sitonic, D.
(2006). What’s on in the ecosystem: Amboseli as a Biosphere Reserve. A Compendium of Conservation and Management Activities in the Amboseli Ecosystem. 28 pp + annexes. Nairobi: ATE/AERP, UNESCO/MAB.
Croze, H.J., Hillman, A.K.K., & Lang, E.M.
(2004 Elephants and their habitats: how do they tolerate each other. Dynamics of Large Mammal Populations, 2nd ed. (ed. C.W. Fowler & T.D. Smith). Blackburn, 297-316.
Croze, H.
(1974) The Seronera Elephant Problem. I. The Bulls. East African Wildlife Journal 12: 1-28
(1974) The Seronera Elephant Problem. II. The Trees. East African Wildlife Journal 12: 29-48
Dobson, A.P., Mace, G.M., Poole, J.H. and Brett, R.A.G.
(1992). Conservation biology: The ecology and genetics of endangered species. Genes in Ecology. R. J. Berry, T. J. Crawford and G. M. Hewitt (Eds). Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications: 405-430.
Dobson, A.P.
(1994) Effects of fertility control on elephant population dynamics. In: Bambra, C.H. (ed.), Proceedings 2nd International NCRR Conference, Nairobi: Institute of Primate Research, 293-298.
Dobson, A. and Poole, J.H.
(1999). Conspecific aggregation and conservation biology. In: Contributions and Limitations of Behavioural Ecology to Conservation Biology, (ed. T. Caro). Oxford, Oxford University Press, 193-208.
Douglas-Hamilton, I., Hillman, A.K.K. & Moss, C.J.
(1981) Notes on vertical photography of elephants for age determination. ILCA Monographs, No. 4: 131-142.
Gordon, I.J. & W.K. Lindsay
(1990) Could mammalian herbivores “manage” their resources? Oikos, 59: 270-280.
Gillson, L. & K. Lindsay
(2003) Ivory and ecology—changing perspectives on elephant management and the international trade in ivory. Environmental Science & Policy, 6: 411–419.
Hollister-Smith, J.A.
(2005) Reproductive behavior in male African elephants (Loxodonta africana) and the role of musth: a genetic and experimental analysis. Ph.D. thesis, Duke University.
Hollister-Smith, J.A., Poole, J.H., Archie, E.A., Vance, E.A, Georgiadis, N.J., Moss, C.J., Alberts, S.C.
(2007) Age, musth and paternity success in wild male African elephants, Loxodonta africana. Animal Behaviour, 74: 287-296.
Kangwana, F.K.
(1993) Elephants and Maasai: conflict and conservation in Amboseli, Kenya. Ph.D. dissertation University of Cambridge, 147 pp.
(1996) Assessing the impact of human-elephant interactions. In: Kangwana, K. (ed.), Studying Elephants. Nairobi: African Wildlife Foundation Technical Handbook Series, 7: 138-147.
Kioko, J., Muruthi P., Omondi P. & Chiyo, P.
(in press) The performance of electric fences as elephant barriers in Amboseli, Kenya. South African Journal of Wildlife Management.
Koch, P.L., Heisinger, J., Moss, C., Carlson, R.W., Fogel, M.L., & Behrensmeyer, A.K.
(1995) Isotopic tracking of change in diet and habitat use in African elephants. Science, 267: 1340-1343.
Lee, P.C.
(1986) Early social development among African elephant calves. National Geographic Research, 2: 388-401.
(1987) Allomothering among African elephants. Animal Behaviour, 35: 278-291.
(1989) Family structure, communal care and female reproductive effort. Comparative Socioecology(ed. V. Standen and R.A. Foley), Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 323-340.
(1994) Social structure and evolution. In: Slater, P. & Halliday, T. (Editors) Behaviour and Evolution, pp 266-303. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
(1996a) Lactation, condition and sociality: constraints on fertility of non-human mammals. In: Rosetta, L. & Mascie-Taylor, C.G.N.(Editors). Variability in Human Fertility: A Biological Anthropological Approach. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
(1996b) Inferring cognition from social behaviour in non-humans. In: Mellars, P. & Gibson, K. (Editors) Modelling the Early Human Mind, pp. 131-138. Research Monographs of the McDonald Institute, Cambridge.
(1996c) Studying the behaviour of elephants. In: Kangwana, K. (ed.), Studying Elephants. Nairobi: African Wildlife Foundation Technical Handbook Series, 7: 98-110.
(1996d) The meanings of weaning: growth, lactation and life history. Evolutionary Anthropology, 5: 87-96
Lee, P.C. & Graham, M.D.
(2006) African elephants (Loxodonta africana) and human – elephant interactions: implications for conservation. International Zoo Yearbook
Lee, P.C., Majluf, P. & Gordon, I.J.
(1991). Growth, weaning and maternal investment from a comparative perspective. Journal of Zoology (Lond) 225: 99-114.
Lee, P.C. & Moss, C.J.
(1985) Early maternal investment in male and female African elephant calves. Behavioral Ecology Sociobiology, 18: 353-361.
(1995) Statural growth in known-age African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Journal of .Zoology (London), 236: 29-41.
(1999) The social context for learning and behavioural development among wild African elephants. In: Box, H.O. & Gibson, K.R. (eds) Mammalian Social Learning. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 102-125.
(2004) Fission-fusion sociality in savannah African elephants: comparison with primates. Folia Primatologica 75 (Supp): 144.(Abstract)
Lindsay, W.K.
(1982) Habitat selection and social group dynamics of African elephants in Amboseli, Kenya. M.Sc. thesis, University of British Columbia, 200 pp.
(1987) Integrating parks and pastoralists: some lessons from Amboseli. In: Conservation in Africa (ed. D. Anderson and R. Grove). Cambridge University Press, 149-167.
(1990) Elephant/habitat interactions. In: P. Hancock (ed.) The Future of Botswana’s Elephants. Kalahari Conservation Society, Gaborone, pp. 19-23
(1991a) Estimating rate of increase of the northern Botswana elephant population: A critical evaluation of aerial census results for the period 1980-1985. Unpublished report to the Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Government of Botswana, Gaborone, 12pp.
(1991b) Age structure and rate of increase in Botswana's elephants: Classification counts of juveniles in Chobe National Park. Report on a field study conducted during 11 - 16 July, 1991. Unpublished report to the Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Government of Botswana, Gaborone, 8pp.
(1991c) Food intake rates and habitat selection of elephants in Amboseli, Kenya. African Wildlife: Research and Management. International Council of Scientific Unions, Paris, pp.88-92.
(1993) Elephants and habitats: the need for clear objectives. Pachyderm, 16: 34-40.
(1994) Feeding ecology and population demography of African elephants in Amboseli, Kenya. Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge.
(1996) Studying elephant-habitat interactions. In: Kangwana, K. (ed.), Studying Elephants. Nairobi: African Wildlife Foundation Technical Handbook Series, 7: 90-97.
(2007) Elephant survival needs good science and clear thinking. Science in Parliament, 64(4): 24-26.
McComb, K.
(1996) Studying vocal communication in elephants. In: Kangwana, K. (ed.), Studying Elephants. Nairobi: African Wildlife Foundation Technical Handbook Series, 7: 112-119.
McComb, K., Moss, C.J., Sayialel, S. & Baker, L.
(2000) Unusually extensive networks of vocal recognition in African elephants. Animal Behaviour, 59: 1103-1109.
McComb, K., Moss, C.J., Durant, S., Baker, L., Sayialel, S.
(2001) Matriarchs as repositories of social knowledge in African elephants. Science, 292: 491-494.
McComb, K., Moss, C. & Durant, S.
(2001) Elephant hunting and conservation. Science, 293: 2203-2204.
McComb, K., Reby, D., Baker, L., Moss, C. & Sayialel, S.
(2003) Long-distance communication of cues to social identity in African elephants. Animal Behaviour, 65: 317-329.
McComb, K. Baker, L., & Moss, C.
(2006) Elephants show high level of interest in the skulls and ivory of their own species. Biology Letters, 2: 26-28.
McComb, K. & Reby, D.
(2005) Vocal communication networks in large terrestrial mammals In: Animal Communication Networks (ed. P.K. McGregor). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press pp. 372-389.
Morgan, B.J. & Lee, P.C.
(2003) Forest elephant stature in the Reserve de Faune du Petit Loango, Gabon. Journal of Zoology (London), 259: 337-344.
Morgan, B.J. & Lee, P.C.
(2007) Forest elephant group composition, frugivory and coastal use in Reserve de Faune du Petit Loango, Gabon. African Journal of Ecology.
Morrison, T.A., Chiyo, P., Moss, C.J., & Alberts, S.C.
(2005). Measures of dung bolus size for known age African elephants: implications for age estimation. Journal of Zoology (London), 266: 89-94.
Moss, C.J.
(1983) Oestrous behaviour and female choice in the African elephant. Behaviour, 86(3/4): 167-196.
(1990a) Tarangire National Park elephant age structure survey. African Wildlife Foundation, Report.
(1990b) Garamba National Park elephant age structure survey. Amboseli Elephant Research Project, Report.
(1990c) Elephants in Tarangire. Pachyderm, 13: 26-30.
(1991) Chobe National Park elephant age structure survey, Report to Dept. of Wildlife and National Parks, Botswana.
(1994) Some reproductive parameters in a population of African elephants, Loxodonta africana. In: Bambra, C.H. (ed.), Proceedings 2nd International NCRR Conference, Nairobi: Institute of Primate Research, 284-292.
(1996) Getting to know a population. In: Kangwana, K. (ed.), Studying Elephants. Nairobi: African Wildlife Foundation Technical Handbook Series, 7: 58-74.
(2001) The demography of an African elephant (Loxodonta africana) population in Amboseli, Kenya. Journal of Zoology (London), 255: 145-156.
(2002) Elephant research in Amboseli: a perspective from 28 years. In: Schwammer, H.M, Foose, T.J., Fouraker, M, & Olson, D. (eds) A Research Update on Elephants and Rhinos: Proceedings of the International Elephant and Rhino Research Symposium, Vienna, June 7-11, 2001, Schuling, Munster, 96-102.
Moss, C.J. & Poole, J.H.
(1983) Relationships and social structure of African elephants. In: Hinde, R.A. (ed.), Primate Social Relationships: An Integrated Approach. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, pp. 315-325.
Muruthi, P., Stanley Price, M., Soorae, P., Moss, C.J., & Lanjouw, A.
(2000) Conservation of large mammals in Africa: What lessons and challenges for the future? In Priorities for Conservation of Mammalian Diversity, eds. Entwistle, A. &Dunstone, N. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 207-219
Mutinda, H.S.
(1994) Non-invasive assessment of reproductive status in free-ranging female African elephants (Loxodonta africana). M.Sc. thesis, University of Nairobi.
(1996) Studying the reproductive physiology of elephants. In: Kangwana, K. (ed.), Studying Elephants. Nairobi: African Wildlife Foundation Technical Handbook Series, 7: 126-129.
(2003) Social determinants of movements and aggregation among free ranging elephants (Loxodonta africana, Blumenbach) in Amboseli, Kenya. Ph.D. thesis, U. of Nairobi, 156 pp.
O'Connell-Rodwell C.E., Wood JD, Kinzley C, Rodwell TC, Poole JH, Puria S.
(2007) Wild African elephants (Loxodonta africana) discriminate between familiar and unfamiliar conspecific seismic alarm calls. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 122 (2): 823-830.
Poole, J.H.
(1982) Musth and male-male competition in the African elephant. Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge, 158 pp.
(1987) Rutting behaviour in African elephants: the phenomenon of musth. Behaviour, 102: 283-316.
(1989a) Announcing intent: the aggressive state of musth in African elephants. Animal Behaviour, 37: 140-152.
(1989b) Mate guarding, reproductive success and female choice in African elephants. Animal Behaviour, 37: 829-849.
(1989c) The effects of poaching on the age structure and social and reproductive patterns of selected East African elephant populations. The Ivory Trade and the Future of the African Elephant, Ivory Trade Review Group, Report.
(1990) Elephant conservation in Eastern Africa: A regional overview. In Regional Perspectives and Situation Regarding Elephant Conservation and the Ivory Trade. Produced for Paris Donors Meeting. IUCN Typescript. 37p.
(1990) Elephant Conservation and Management. Annex 7b. In The Zebra Book. Policy Framework and Five Year Investment Programme. Kenya Wildlife Service Publication. 54p.
(1991) Elephant Conservation Plan, Kenya. Kenya Wildlife Service, Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife, Typescript
(1993) Kenya’s initiatives in elephant fertility regulation and population control techniques. Pachyderm, 16: 62-65.
(1994a) Logistical and ethical considerations in the management of elephant populations through fertility control. In: Bambra, C.H. (ed.), Proceedings 2nd International NCRR Conference, Nairobi: Institute of Primate Research, 278-283.
(1994b) Sex differences in the behaviour of African elephants. In: Short, R. & Lynch, P. (ed.) The Differences Between the Sexes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(1995) Conflict, compression and management: consequences for elephant behaviour [Abstract]. Excellence in wildlife stewardship through science and education. The Wildlife Society Second Annual Conference. Sept.12-17, 1995. Portland Oregon. Session 3 Symposium. Conservation of African and Asian elephants: wild and captive populations. p.103.
(1996) The African elephant. In: Kangwana, K. (ed.), Studying Elephants. Nairobi: African Wildlife Foundation Technical Handbook Series, 7: 1-8.
(1998) An exploration of the commonality between ourselves and elephants. Special Issue Etica & Animali, 9: 85-110.
(1999) Signals and assessment in African elephants: evidence from playback experiments. Animal Behaviour, 58: 185-193.
Poole, J.H., P. L. Tyack, A. S. Stoeger-Horwath & S. Watwood.
(2005) Elephants are capable of vocal learning. Nature, 434: 455-456.
Poole, J.H, Aggarwal, N., Sinange, R., Ngana S., Broton, M. & Douglas-Hamilton, I.
(1992) The status of Kenya’s elephants, 1992. A report by the Kenya Wildlife Service and the Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing.
Poole, J. H. & Granli, P.K.
(2004) The visual, tactile and acoustic signals of play in African savannah elephants. In (ed.) Jayewardene, Jayantha. Endangered Elephants, past present & future. Proceedings of the Symposium on Human Elephant Relationships and Conflicts, Sri Lanka, September 2003. Biodiversity & Elephant Conservation Trust, Colombo. Pp 44-50.
Poole, J.H. and Granli, P.K.
(2005).The ethical management of elephants and the value of long-term field research. AAVS 63: 2-5
Poole, J.H., Kasman, L.H., Ramsay, E.C., & Lasley, B.L.
(1984) Musth and urinary testosterone concentration in the African elephant (Loxodonta africana). J. of Reprod. Fert. 70: 255-260.
Poole, J.H. & Leakey, R.E.
(1996) Kenya. In: Lutz, E. & Caldecott, J. (Eds.) Decentralization and Biodiversity Conservation.World Bank Symposium.
Poole, J.H. & Moss, C.J.
(1981) Musth in the African elephant, Loxodonta africana. Nature, 292: 830-31.
(1983) Musth discovered in the African elephant. African Elephant and Rhino Newsletter1: 8.
(1990) Elephant mate searching: group dynamics and vocal and olfactory communication. Symp. zool. Soc. Lond. No. 61: 111-125.
(in press) Elephant sociality and complexity: The scientific evidence. In: Never Forgetting: Elephants and Ethics. C. Wemmer & K. Christen (Eds). Johns Hopkins University Press
Poole, J.H. and A. P. Dobson.
(1992) Ivory: Why the ban must stay! ConservationBiology 6: 149-151.
(1992) Exploitation and recovery of African elephant populations. Elephant and Ivory Information Service. African Wildlife Foundation. Special Issue 19: 1-3.
Poole, J.H., N Aggarwal, R Sinange, S Nganga, M Broton, I Douglas-Hamilton.
(1992) The Status of Kenya's elephants, 1992. A report by the Kenya Wildlife Service and the Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing. Typescript. 60p.
Poole, J.H. with M. Reuling, K. Mwathe, M. Litoroh.
(1992) A survey of Shimba Hills elephant population. Elephant Programme, Kenya Wildlife Service. Typescript. 23p.
Poole, J.H. & Reuling, M.
(1997) A survey of elephants and other wildlife of the West Kilimanjaro Basin, Tanzania. Typescript Report.
Poole, J.H. & Thomsen, J.B.
(1989) Elephants are not beetles: implications of the ivory trade for the survival of the African elephant. Oryx 23: 189-198.
Poole, J.H., Payne, K.B., Langbauer, Jr., W.R. & Moss, C.J.
(1988) The social contexts of some very low frequency calls of African elephants. Behavioral Ecology Sociobiology, 22: 385-392.
Shrader, A.M., Ferreira, S.M., McElveen, M.E., Lee, P.C., Moss, C.J. & van Aarde, R.J.
(2006) Structural growth and age determination of savanna elephants. Journal of Zoology (London), 270: 40-48.
Slotow, R., van Dyk, G., Poole, J., Page, B. Klocke, A.
(2000) Older bull elephants control young males. Nature, 408: 425-426.
Western, D. & Lindsay, W.K.
(1984) Seasonal herd dynamics of a savanna elephant population. African Journal of Ecology, 22: 229-244.
Western, D., Moss, C.J., & Georgiadis, N.
(1983) Age estimation and population age structure of elephants from footprint dimensions. Journal of Wildlife Management, 47(4): 1192-97.
Young, T.P. & Lindsay, W.K.
(1988) Role of even-age population structure in the disappearance of Acacia xanthophloea woodlands. African Journal of Ecology, 26: 69-72.

Films

Featuring: Cynthia Moss, Soila Sayialel, Norah Njiraini, Katito Sayialel and others.
  • Echo of the Elephants, BBC Natural History Unit (1990-1992)
  • Echo of the Elephants: The Next Generation, BBC Natural History Unit (1992-1995)
  • Africa's Forgotten Elephants, Scorer Associates for BBC (1996-1997)
  • Echo of the Elephants: The Last Chapter?, BBC Natural History Unit (2002-2005)
(The dates show the filming periods, with the latter date being the year of release. The films are now available at Amazon.com and elsewhere: the Nature DVD and the BBC DVD.)